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2017年6月四级听力模拟练习-6

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  In many countries, authority is seldom questioned, either because it is highly respected, or because it is (1) _______. Sometimes, too, because (2) _______ has been important in certain societies for a long time, people have been trained never to question those in authority.   In other countries, (3) _______America, children are trained to question and search for answers. When a child asks a question, he will be often told to go to the library and find the answer for himself. By the time students reach the age of 14 or 15, they may be (4) _______ exciting new ideas in all fields of science and the arts. To encourage such creativity, there are many national (5) _______ offered to students every year for their scientific discoveries and artistic (6) _______.   This interest in questioning and searching may be (7) _______ by some people as bad for young people’s (8) _______, that young people lack respect for authority. (9) ___________________. However, this is because many Americans have different attitudes toward authority that may exist in other areas of the world. In a work or business situation, ideas are freely and openly discussed and argued. (10)_________________________. The two are quite separate. The purpose of the searching, questioning, and arguing is to find the facts in a particular situation, and therefore a solution, (11) ______________________________.

  1.feared
  2.rank
  3.including
  4.developing
  5.prizes
  6.accomplishments
  7.considered
  8.manners
  9.This impression may be created when visitors notice young Americansasking questions and arguing with older people
  10.It is vital to remember that it is the person’s ideas that are being questioned,not the individual himself
  11.so that the work of the business can progress in the most effective mannerpossible

  1.【解析】feared。根据either...or...可以判断所填词和respected词性一致(即也是v+ed形式),语义相对。一方面是尊敬之情,那么另一种可能就是畏惧之情了。
  2.【解析】rank。从authority可以判断此处指的是社会中的等级。
  3.【解析】including。根据对句子结构的分析可以判断所填词和America一起构成句子的状语,因此应该填入分词形式。
  4.【解析】developing。所填词的宾语为exciting new ideas,从宾语的感情色彩可以判断所填词带有褒义,根据空前的may be判断应该填入动词的ing形式,构成正在进行时。
  5.【解析】prizes。目的是为了encourage such creativity,那么提供的应该是奖励了。
  6.【解析】accomplishments,意为“成就,成绩”。通常来说奖励的是所取得的成就。并且所填词和discoveries形成并列关系。
  7.【解析】considered。所填词与本句中的as构成固定搭配(consider...as...)。
  8.【解析】manners,意为“礼貌,礼仪”。根据空格后的that young people lack respect for authority可以判断此处是说对年轻人的礼貌有害。
  9.【答案】This impression may be created when visitors notice young Americansasking questions and arguing with older people
   【Main Points】Young people may leave bad impression when they ask questions and argue with older people.
  10.【答案】It is vital to remember that it is the person’s ideas that are being questioned,not the individual himself
    【Main Points】It is important to remember that people argue about ideas instead of  the individual himself
  11.【答案】so that the work of the business can progress in the most effective mannerpossible
    【Main Points】so that the business work can go on the most effectively

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